科目: 德文諮詢
龔 苹

龔 苹 (Kai,德國文化學系)

背景、經歷:青春期期間在德國和奧地利住過六年,讀當地的德語文科中學 (Gymnasium)。東吳大學德國文化學系畢業。東吳大學德國文化學系研究所二年級。

專長:德語會話、德語發音正音、德語文章解析

座右銘:Fragen kostet nichts!

簡介:
當初在德國也曾經在德文學習上花費很多心思,所以很明白學習德文會發生的阻礙!我從一個一開始只會說「你好」跟「再見」的初學者,進步到與當地學童的語文能力不相上下的程度,能流利使用德文參與班上專業課程的討論。由於那幾年受到非常多人的幫助,所以很樂意把我的心路歷程與東吳學生分享,並幫助更多想學習德文的學生。

只要你對德文有興趣,程度不拘,都歡迎你一起來學習德文。

 
 

德文發音規則 II / 2010-10-20

延續上個禮拜所敎的字母發音規則,這個禮拜我們來看看連在一起的字母如何發音。德文的發音規則並不難學,而且只要學會一次,以後碰到的大部分單字你都能正確發音。

不過需要注意的是,德文有很多外來語是照它們原本的語言來發音,只是會帶有德文腔。以下舉幾個德文常用的外來語為例: das Restaurant (餐廳,法文發音)、das Café (咖啡廳,法文發音)、der Cousin (堂/表兄弟,法文發音)、die E-Mail (電子郵件,英文發音)、das Internet (網路,英文發音)、der Style (風格,英文發音)、das Bowling (保齡球,英文發音)、cool (酷,英文發音),等等等... 如果用德文的發音規則來讀這些單字,會變得很好笑,有些人甚至會完全聽不懂你在說什麼。

 

以下是我在http://german.about.com/library/anfang/blanfang_abc2.htm找到的發音規則表格:

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Diphthongs
Diphthong
Double
Vowels
Aussprache
Pronunciation
Beispiele / Examples
ai / ei eye bei (at, near), das Ei (egg), der Mai (May)
au ow auch (also), das Auge (eye), aus (out of)
eu / äu oy Häuser (houses), Europa (Europe), neu (new)
ie eeh bieten (offer), nie (never), Sie (you)

 

Grouped Consonants
Buchstabe
Consonant
Aussprache
Pronunciation
Beispiele / Examples
ck k dick (fat, thick), der Schock (shock)
ch >> After a, o, u and au, pronounced like the guttural ch in Scottish "loch" - das Buch (book), auch (also). Otherwise it is a palatal sound as in: mich (me), welche (which), wirklich (really). TIP: If no air is passing over your tongue when you say a ch-sound, you aren't saying it correctly. No true equivalent in English. - Although ch doesn't usually have a hard k sound, there are exceptions: Chor, Christoph, Chaos, Orchester, Wachs (wax)
pf pf Both letters are (quickly) pronounced as a combined puff-sound: das Pferd (horse), der Pfennig. If this is difficult for you, an f sound will work, but try to do it!
ph f das Alphabet, phonetisch - Some words formerly spelled with ph are now spelled with f: das Telefon, das Foto
qu kv die Qual (anguish, torture), die Quittung (receipt)
sch sh schön (pretty), die Schule (school) - The German sch combination is never split, whereas sh usually is (Grashalme, Gras/Halme; but die Show, a foreign word).
sp / st shp / sht At the start of a word, the s in sp/st has a sch sound as in English "show, she." sprechen (speak), stehen (stand)
th t das Theater (tay-AHTER), das Thema (TAY-muh), topic - Always sounds like a t (TAY). NEVER has the English th sound!
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